It is the Opposition's role to scrutinize the government's policies and programmes and provide constructive criticism and alternative strategies in those areas where it disagrees with the administration. The Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly is the person who commands the support of the majority of the representatives who do not support the government.

The Chief Secretary, appointed by the Prime Minister, is Head of the Civil Service. He is also Secretary to the Cabinet where he ensures that Cabinet decisions are implemented by the government bureaucracy in a timely and effective manner.


A bill is proposed legislation that is presented to Parliament for discussion. It is draughted by the government's legal department and approved in Cabinet before it is introduced to the National Assembly.
The bill is introduced into the National Assembly by the minister responsible or the Attorney-General. After its first reading it is circulated to interested groups or individuals for feedback and input. Changes may be made to the bill before it is submitted to the National Assembly for its second reading. The aims and objectives of the bill are presented by the minister and a full

National Assembly National Assembly debate follows with all members having an opportunity to express their views.
Following debate on the second reading of the bill, it is referred to committee where it is reviewed in detail and any final amendments made.

The bill is then read in the National Assembly for the third and final time and submitted to a vote. If successful, the legislation is forwarded to the Governor-General for Royal Assent. The new law (now called an Act) is then published in the Government Gazette and made available to the public.

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